Aspectos Legales De La Donacion De Sangre
According to the Better with Health website, donating blood every 6 months for 6 years reduces the risk of coronary or circulatory disease by almost 90%. Before you can donate blood, you will be asked to complete your medical history confidentially. These include questions about behaviors that are known to have an increased risk of bloodstream infections, i.e., blood-borne infections. They lie down or sit in a lounge chair, arms outstretched on an armrest. If you have a preference for the arm or vein you want to use, let the person taking your blood know. You have a cuff to measure your blood pressure, or a tourniquet around your arm to make your veins more filled with blood. This makes it easier to identify the veins to be inserted into the needle. In addition, it serves to fill the blood bag faster. Then the skin inside the elbow is cleansed. Most healthy adults can give a pint (about half a liter) safely, without health risk.
A few days after donating blood, the body replaces the lost fluids. And after two weeks, it replenishes the lost red blood cells. The donation of blood, including hematopoietic tissue for transplantation, is in any case voluntary and free of charge. Every year, millions of people need blood transfusions. Some people may need blood during surgery. Others depend on it after suffering an accident or because they suffer from a disease that requires certain parts of the blood. Blood donations make all this possible. There is no substitute for human blood: all transfusions use the blood of a donor. Blood waste should be avoided in order to protect the interests of potential recipients and the donor.
This year`s campaign focuses on donating blood in emergencies. Natural disasters, for example, have affected more than a million people over the past decade. Blood is a public resource and access should not be restricted. In addition, your blood is tested for blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis and HIV. If the results of these tests are negative, the blood is distributed for use in hospitals and clinics. If one of these tests comes back positive, the donation center will inform you and your blood will be discarded. The general requirements for blood donation in Spain are: To be able to donate whole blood, plasma or platelets, you must: Blood donation is safe. New sterile disposable devices are used for each donor, so there is no risk of blood-borne infection when donating blood. Whole blood donations are the most common type of blood donation. During this donation, you give about a pint (about half a liter) of whole blood. Then the blood separates into its components: red blood cells, plasma and sometimes platelets. Admission requirements differ slightly between different types of blood donations.
Donated red blood cells are usually given to people who have experienced severe blood loss, such as after an injury or accident, and to people with sickle cell anemia. Financial gain should never be a reason to create and operate a blood bank. All issues related to whole blood donation and plasmapheresis must comply with internationally defined and recognized standards. A new sterile needle is placed in a vein in your arm. The needle is attached to a thin plastic tube and a blood bag. Once the needle is in place, forcibly close your fist several times to increase blood flow through the vein. First, blood is collected in tubes for diagnostic tests. Then the bag can be filled with blood, about a pint (about half a liter). The needle remains in place for about 10 minutes. When your donation is complete, the needle is removed, a small bandage is placed at the needle site, and the arm is wrapped in a bandage.
Blood must be taken under the responsibility of a doctor. Your blood will be tested to determine your blood type and Rh factor. The blood type can be A, B, AB or O. Rh factor refers to the presence or absence of a specific antigen (a substance that can stimulate an immune response) in the blood. Therefore, you have a positive Rh or a negative Rh, depending on whether you have the antigen or not. This information is important because your blood type and Rh factor must be compatible with the blood type and Rh factor of the person receiving your blood. The benefits of donating blood go beyond generosity and altruism. Physically, blood donors stabilize their iron levels and reduce the likelihood of heart attacks and strokes. Royal Decree 1088/2005 of 16 September, which sets out the technical requirements and minimum conditions for blood donation and transfusion centres and services, allows you to obtain detailed information on how to donate blood. In addition, it includes the fundamental rights and duties of blood donors in Spain. The donor must understand the risks associated with donating infected blood and their moral responsibility to the recipient.
Blood donation is a voluntary process that can help save lives. There are different types of blood donations. Each type helps to meet different medical needs. During apheresis, you are connected to a machine that collects and separates different parts of your blood. These blood components include red blood cells, platelets and plasma. The machine then turns over the remaining parts of the blood. They agree to have blood drawn so that they can give it to someone who needs a blood transfusion. If you are receiving an unplicited, inactivated or mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine, you can donate blood without delay. However, if a live attenuated vaccine against the COVID-19 virus becomes available and you receive it, you will have to wait 14 days after vaccination to donate blood. If you don`t know which vaccine you received, you should wait 14 days to donate blood.
Due to the risk of blood-borne infections, not everyone can donate blood. Here are some groups that are not eligible for blood donation: The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has not been shown to be transmitted through blood transfusion. However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests waiting at least 10 days after a positive covid-19 test without symptoms or at least 10 days after COVID-19 symptoms disappear completely to donate blood. Another increasingly common method of blood donation is apheresis. During apheresis, you are connected to a machine that can remove and separate different parts of the blood such as red blood cells, plasma and platelets. This process allows you to collect a larger amount of a particular component. This takes longer than a standard blood donation, usually up to two hours. These are the main limitations when it comes to becoming a blood donor.
However, there are also temporary restrictions that you should consider (such as getting a tattoo recently or if you are taking medication). Every 14 June (since 2004), World Blood Donor Day is celebrated. The fundamental objectives of this day are to raise awareness of the possibility that we all need to save lives and honour blood donors.