Change in Legal Dictionary

n. an amendment to an existing order or judgment of the court made necessary by a change in circumstances since the decision or judgment was rendered, or to remedy an error. An application (application) for court change is common after divorce decrees, as the courts remain “competent” for matters concerning children that may require changes, such as support and custody conditions. Jurisdiction – (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time. Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts. 2. The geographical area in which the General Court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A federal court in a state, for example, can usually rule on only one case arising from acts committed in that state. Jurisprudence – The study of the law and the structure of the legal system. Common Law – The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States.

It is based on court decisions and not on laws adopted by the legislator. Lawsuit – A lawsuit brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. 1. A change; Replace one tile with another. This word does not mean improvement or deterioration as a result. In this respect, it differs from change, which legally always introduces change for the better. 2. Exchange of money for money of another denomination. Also small room. Also an abbreviation for Exchange.

The Glossary of Legal Terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by selecting a letter here: a change or change, such as changing a sentence (where the terms of the sentence for a defendant are changed) or a probation order (where a new probation order is issued that modifies the terms of the original order). v. modify or modify by adding, subtracting or replacing. You can change a law, contract or written statement filed as part of a legal action. Change is usually called a change. Parliament will amend a law, the parties to a contract may amend it, and a party to a lawsuit may amend its own brief. A contract can only be amended by the parties to the contract.

If the contract is in writing, it can only be amended in writing (although an oral contract can strangely be amended orally or in writing). A pleading may be amended before being served on the other party, by judicial agreement or agreement between the parties (usually between their lawyers) or by court order. Habeas Corpus – A memoir often used to bring a prisoner to justice to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A prisoner who wants to argue that there is no sufficient reason to be detained would file a writ of arrest in habeas corpus. It can also be used to bring a person into custody to court, to testify or to be prosecuted. Pre-trial detention – When an appellate court refers a case to a lower court for a new hearing. The lower court is often required to do something else, but this does not always mean that the court`s final decision changes the plea agreement (or the negotiation or plea agreement) – an agreement between the defendant and the attorney in which the defendant pleads guilty in exchange for a concession from the prosecutor. These may be less serious charges, a dismissal of the charge, or the prosecutor`s recommendation to the judge to impose a lighter sentence. A change in the terms of the mortgage note, such as a reduction in the interest rate or a change in the maturity date. Appeal – An application made after a trial that asks another court (usually the Court of Appeal) to decide whether the proceedings were conducted correctly.

Making such a request means “appealing” or “appealing”. Both the plaintiff and the defendant can appeal, and the party who does so is called the plaintiff. Appeals can be filed for a variety of reasons, including inappropriate procedures and ask the court to change its interpretation of the law. Bail – guarantee for the release of a criminal accused or a witness from pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) in order to guarantee his appearance on the day and time fixed. Tribunal – a government body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “The court read the pleadings.” Oral Hearing – An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position in court in an appeal and also to answer questions from judges. Complaint – A written statement from the plaintiff setting out the harm allegedly committed by the defendant. Chief Justice – The judge who has primary responsibility for administering a court. The Presiding Judge also decides cases, and the election of Chief Justices is based on seniority. Probable cause – A lot of suspicion that leads you to believe that some facts are probably true.

The Fourth Amendment requires a probable reason for issuing a detention or search warrant. File number – Protocol with short entries of legal proceedings. Acquittal – A verdict that an accused has not been convicted beyond any doubt. Probation – A criminal law alternative to imprisonment, in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are met. Damages – Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate plaintiffs for their injuries. Crime – A crime punishable by more than one year in prison. Trial at first instance – Trial without a jury, in which a judge decides the facts. In a jury trial, the jury decides the facts. Defendants sometimes waive the right to a jury trial and opt for a trial. If a change in the law as defined in the Agreement has resulted in an increase in the Company`s cost of complying with such change in the Act, the Company may, in its commercially reasonable discretion, take certain measures, including, but not limited to, the following, at the Sole Risk and Expense of the Client: (i) this Agreement, all or part of the Orders only with the express consent of the Customer to terminate such termination; and/or (ii) modify the Services to the extent necessary to accommodate such change in law.

first hearing – judicial proceedings in which the defendant becomes aware of his rights and the allegations against him and the judge decides on bail. Articling student (or lawyer) – Assist judges in seeking and preparing expert opinions. U. Marshal (or bailiff) – apply the rules of conduct in courtrooms. Trial – A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads not guilty and the parties must appear in court to present evidence. Judgment in Default – A judgment rendered because the defendant did not respond or did not appear. Subpoena – Order for a witness to appear and testify. Maintained – Decision of a court of appeal not to set aside a decision of a lower court. Also called “affirm”. Exculpatory evidence – evidence that tends to prove the innocence of the accused. Interview – A meeting with the police or the prosecutor.

Box – A conference between the judge and the lawyers that was held outside the ear of the jury and spectators. conversely – When an appellate court overturns the decision of a lower court due to an error. A reversal is often followed by pre-trial detention. For example, if the defendant argued on appeal that certain evidence should not have been used at trial and the Court of Appeal agrees, the case will be remanded in custody so that the trial court can reconsider the case without that evidence. Affidavit – A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party who made it. Affidavits must be notarized or administered by a court official with such authority. Opinion – Written explanation of a court decision by a judge. Several expert opinions may be drawn up in the same opposition. The court`s decision comes from a majority of the judges and forms the majority opinion. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority on the basis of the grounds and/or legal principles on which the decision is based.