Cuando Fue Legal El Aborto En Argentina

Beginning in 1970, in correspondence with the second feminist wave, the first feminist organizations emerged in Argentina to embark on the struggle for abortion rights. [19] A study commissioned by the Ministry of Health in 2005 and carried out by demographers Edith Pantelides and Silvia Mario concluded that between 370,000 and 520,000 legal and non-legal induced abortions occur each year among a population of 45 million people[3]. In 2016, a report by the Health Statistics and Information Directorate of the Ministry of Health showed the number of 43 female deaths this year due to all kinds of abortions, which are the leading cause of maternal mortality in the country, according to officials and various media outlets. [4] [5] [6] According to Adolfo Rubinstein, Mauricio Macri`s Minister of Health, this is the most common cause of maternal death in the country, and 50,000 hospitalizations are recorded each year in public institutions for clandestine abortions. [7] If the court decision provided for in this Act prevents the granting of consent to the exercise of the rights provided for in this Act or if the person has been declared incapacitated, he must give his consent with the help of his legal representative or, whether or not there is the consent of a related party — within the meaning of article 59 of the Civil and Commercial Code of the Nation. Abortion in Argentina refers to the history and current state of voluntary abortion. Argentina has introduced the decriminalization of therapeutic abortion and rape-based abortion since 1921 and established the right to free and medically assisted abortion by Law 27,610 of 30 December 2020 in cases approved since 1921, or in all other cases where the pregnancy does not exceed the fourteenth week, including. [1] The law entered into force throughout the national territory on January 24, 2021, following the promulgation of the President of the Nation, Alberto Fernández. [2] “No one else should have a clandestine abortion, ever again” “This is a victory for the women`s movement in Argentina, which has been fighting for its rights for decades. Now, people who decide to terminate their pregnancy have a safe and high-quality service.

Today, we have grown as a company. At Amnesty International, we will ensure that the state ensures that legal abortion is respected throughout the country,” said Mariela Belski, Executive Director of Amnesty International Argentina. He stresses that health should be interpreted as “the complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease,” as defined by the WHO. In some cases, it has been interpreted that rape should only be committed against women with the above-mentioned disabilities, so that abortion is not punishable (eugenic abortion). [90] In 2018, Congress rejected a similar bill that, although passed in the House of Commons, received rejection from the Senate, which at the time was shaped by a conservative majority that responded to the anti-abortion movement, with strong weight in a deeply Catholic nation. Even those who are objectors can not refuse to carry out the interruption in the event that the life or health of the pregnant person is in danger and requires immediate attention; even if no specialist was available to perform the practice on time. The reform of the penal code, carried out in 1903, maintained the same sentence (one to three years in prison) and eliminated the weakening of abortion to “hide dishonor”, and also found that attempted abortions were not a crime. For those who induce an abortion with the woman`s consent, the same penalty (one to three years in prison) has been introduced and the penalty for those who cause an abortion without consent has been significantly increased by increasing it in prison from three to ten years, but even lighter than murder. [13] The Garbage group expressed its solidarity with the struggle for the abortion rights of Argentine women. Singer-songwriter Ismael Serrano has spoken out in favour of decriminalising abortion. [251] The Uruguayan group La Vela Puerca also expressed support. Writer Margaret E.

Atwood, author of The Handmaid`s Tale, also expressed support. Similar to the MPs` meeting, the presence of pro-legalisation protesters was greater. [60] After 16 hours of sitting, the bill was rejected by 38 votes to 31, 31 in favour, 2 abstentions and one absence. [61] [62] [63] In 1968, under the regime of the self-proclaimed Argentine Liberation Revolution, Legislative Decree No. 17.567, which established non-criminalization when the danger to women`s life or health is serious; or in any case rape, provided that it has been tried by a court, and with the consent of a legal representative, if the woman was a minor, idiot or mentally ill. In 1973, within the framework of democracy, these amendments were annulled by the adoption of Law No. 20.509. In 1995, the first abortion that cannot be punished by fetal anencephaly was approved by the Argentine judicial system. [17] On 4. In March 2018, the Argentine Down Syndrome Association (Asdra) took a stand on the possible decriminalization of abortion, warning that “the lives of innocent people are at stake” and quoting the words of French doctor and servant of God Jérôme Lejeune: “Let it live! Let them live! Defending life is not a matter of religion, politics, philosophy or activism. This is a fundamental human rights issue.

Birth is the first right of every human person.”[177][178][179] In its 2010 version, updated in 2015 with a fifth paragraph, the guide lists cases of non-punishment of abortion as follows: In cases of rape or immoral bodily harm, the 2007 guide stipulated that a police or judicial complaint must be filed. Since the publication of the guide in 2010, it is enough to file an affidavit if there is no complaint. It also stipulates that any imposition of additional requirements will be considered a violation of women`s right to access abortion in legally permitted cases. In 1988, the Commission for the Right to Abortion (Codeab) was created in favor of its legalization by taking a motion in a newspaper and publishing new articles on abortion. [27] [17] In 1998, after a meeting with Pope John Paul II in Vatican City, Carlos Menem created a decree declaring March 25 the day of the unborn child in Argentina. At the first celebration in 1999, the president affirmed that “Argentina has made one of the priorities of its foreign policy a firm and determined action to defend life.” [30] In this context, Zulema Yoma, the president`s ex-wife, decided in an interview to say that an abortion had been performed with the support of Carlos Menem. [31] This makes Argentina the fourth country in the region to decriminalize abortion. In Latin America, abortion is legal only in Cuba, Uruguay and Guyana, as well as in the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Mexico City. Now the southern country joins this list and is the largest on the continent that allows such a practice. They can not be “objectors” who do not directly perform the practice of interruption, such as those who must guarantee, for example: ultrasound, measurement of blood pressure or temperature, follow-up after abortion, delivery of drugs, anesthesia, among others.