Definition Mold Spores
You may not realize it, but you are surrounded by spores, inside and out. They have a size of three to 40 microns, less than half the width of a human hair, which allows them to float invisibly in the air. Alexander Fleming`s accidental discovery of the antibiotic penicillin involved a penicililla mold called Penicillium rubrum (although the species later turned out to be Penicillium rubens).    Fleming continued to study penicillin and showed that it could inhibit various types of bacteria found in infections and other conditions, but he was unable to make the compound in sufficiently large quantities needed to make a drug.  His work was expanded by a team from the University of Oxford; Clutterbuck, Lovell and Raistrick, who began working on the problem in 1931. This team was also unable to produce the pure compound in large quantities, noting that the purification process reduced its effectiveness and negated the antibacterial properties it had.  A mold (US, PH) or mold (UK, NZ, AU, ZA, IN, CA, IE, SE, MY) is one of the structures that some fungi can form. The dusty and colorful appearance of mold is due to the formation of spores containing fungal secondary metabolites. Spores are the dispersal units of fungi.   Not all fungi form mold. Some mushrooms form fungi; Others develop as individual cells and are called microfungi (for example, yeasts).
Mold spores can only multiply as long as moisture is present. For example, if you have a damp cloth with mold, you can neutralize mold spores by simply drying the fabric in the sun. You can never completely kill a mold spore, but you can let it rest. Even if you attack the spores with strong compounds with bleach, the spores can still germinate again when the moisture returns. For this reason, cleaning mold is not enough for removal. You need to remove spores and prevent excess moisture from accumulating in your home. Kōji molds (麹) are a group of Aspergillus species, especially Aspergillus oryzae and secondary A. sojae, which have been cultivated in East Asia for many centuries. They are used to ferment a soy-wheat mixture to make soy paste and soy sauce. Koji forms break down starch into rice, barley, sweet potatoes, etc., a process called saccharification, in the production of sake, shōchū and other distilled spirits. Koji molds are also used in the production of katsuobushi. Although mold can grow on dead organic matter anywhere in nature, their presence is only visible to the naked eye when they form large colonies.
A mold colony is not composed of discrete organisms, but is an interconnected network of hyphae called mycelium. All growth takes place at the ends of the hyphae, with the cytoplasm and organelles flowing forward as the hyphae advance on or through new food sources. Nutrients are absorbed at the end of the hyphae. In artificial environments such as buildings, humidity and temperature are often stable enough to promote the growth of mold colonies, which are often thought of as a fluffy or hairy coating that grows on food or other surfaces. Other forms that have been used in food production include: By controlling moisture and reducing mold growth, you can: Different artists have used mold in different artistic ways. Daniele Del Nero, for example, builds models of homes and office buildings, then lets mold grow on them, giving them a disturbing look recovered by nature.  Stacy Levy sands enlarged images of mold on glass, then lets the mold grow in the crevices she made, creating a macro-micro portrait.  Sam Taylor-Johnson has directed a series of time-lapse films that capture the progressive decadence of classically arranged still lifes.  Exposure to mold has occurred throughout history. The types of shapes found in office buildings are not uncommon or even unusual.
It`s important to understand that no interior is completely free of mold spores – not even a surgical operating room. Mold is everywhere, making our exposure to mold inevitable, whether indoors or outdoors, at home or at work. There are many types of mold – all of them need water or moisture to grow. When excessive moisture accumulates in buildings or on building materials, mold growth often occurs, especially if the moisture problem is not detected or resolved. Mold formation can occur on: Several cholesterol-lowering statin drugs (such as lovastatin, from Aspergillus terreus) are derived from mold.  The air sampling pump draws in air and deposits microscopic airborne particles onto a culture medium. The medium is grown in the laboratory and the fungal genus and species are determined by visual microscopic observation. The laboratory results also quantify fungal growth through a number of spores for comparison between samples. The operating time of the pump is recorded and, multiplied by the flow rate of the pump, gives a certain volume of air that is obtained. Although a small volume of air is actually analyzed, common laboratory reports extrapolate spore counting data to estimate which spores would be present in one cubic meter of air.
 Mold in the home can usually be found in damp, dark, or steaming areas, such as bathrooms, kitchens, overcrowded storage areas, recently flooded areas, basements, sanitary facilities, poorly ventilated areas, and outdoors in humid environments. Symptoms caused by mold allergy include: watery and itchy eyes; chronic cough headache or migraine; Breathing difficulties; Rashes; Fatigue; sinus problems; Nasal congestion and frequent sneezing. There are many types of mold. In fact, there can be up to 400,000 types, according to Advanced Mold Inspections. Airborne mold spores can pollute the respiratory tract and cause severe allergic reactions in people who are allergic to mold.